Fisheries

instagram 14 of 1Fisheries and aquaculture should be environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable, perpetually ensuring healthy food, as well as the welfare of fishing communities. The application of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries leads to the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF), which entails risk based management plans. This process covers the principles of sustainable development, mainly considering ecological and environmental parameters, while also including human and social aspects. According to the FAO, the purpose of an ecosystem approach to fisheries is to plan, develop, and manage fisheries in a manner that addresses the multiple needs and desires of societies, without jeopardizing the options for future generations to benefit from the full range of goods and services provided by marine ecosystems. In practice, the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries ensures partnerships and defines priorities, using a precautionary approach first and an adaptive one later; thus, it leads to the best possible decisions based on existing data. The majority of fish stocks in the Mediterranean are in poor condition. Urgent measures are required, therefore, in order to restore stocks to a healthy status. Furthermore, it is immediately required ecosystem approaches in order to as far as possible these fish stock to be recovered. In iSea we recognize the value of fisheries for Greece, so our target is to collaborate with scientific institutions and contribute to reinforcing public opinion on the need to take appropriate measures.
The main goal of this project is to investigate the temporal changes of presence and abundance of elasmobranch in the Mediterranean Sea. We aim to study the exposure or vulnerability to fishing pressure during the different life cycles of the individuals, as well as to identify feeding and breeding grounds, and nursery areas. 

Fisheries certifications are a relatively new practice that is used as a protective management strategy for sustainable exploitation of fish stocks and natural resources, thus ensuring long-term access to fish for future generations. Essentially, the power is transferred to the consumer, when consumers choose certified products it encourages environmentally friendly practices that have minimal impact on marine ecosystems. Certified products are labelled with eco-labels (tags) on their packaging that indicates the product has been produced with good practices, while ensuring the consumer the origin of the product consumed.

Recreational fishing in the Mediterranean and in Greek Seas is growing rapidly, raising concern for the size of the impact it may have on fish stocks and marine ecosystems.